Constitutional Democracy of India

2. Introduction:

The President occupies a very important place in the constitutional scheme of government in India. He, by virtue of being seen as non-partisan, statesmanlike figure of India‟s polity, represents unity and integrity of the country and her people. He is the defender of the constitution to the best of his capability and is devoted to the service of the people of the country. President is supposed to enjoy the respect and confidence of all sections of the society, including the political parties across the country. This is implied in the procedure of election of election to this office as given in our constitution. He is one among the various constitutional mechanisms to keep the system of government on track. He can apply breaks on the hasty parliament, can also tell the executive to rethink about what it has decided and has the potential to further cement India‟s friendly relations with other countries. Naturally, several questions about this functionary come to our mind viz how is the president elected? What are the eligibility conditions for contesting elections to this office? what are the conditions of office of the President? Next are the questions concerning the powers and functions vested in the office of the President and finally one is keen to understand and analyse the position which the President enjoys in the political system of the country. This question takes us to explain whether president of India is merely a figurehead like any other parliamentary system like great Britain or is something different. Let us take these issues one by one