Constitutional Democracy of India
The President occupies a very important place in the constitutional scheme of
government in India. He, by virtue of being seen as non-partisan, statesmanlike
figure of India‟s polity, represents unity and integrity of the country and her people.
He is the defender of the constitution to the best of his capability and is devoted to
the service of the people of the country. President is supposed to enjoy the respect
and confidence of all sections of the society, including the political parties across
the country. This is implied in the procedure of election of election to this office as
given in our constitution. He is one among the various constitutional mechanisms to
keep the system of government on track. He can apply breaks on the hasty
parliament, can also tell the executive to rethink about what it has decided and has
the potential to further cement India‟s friendly relations with other countries.
Naturally, several questions about this functionary come to our mind viz how is the
president elected? What are the eligibility conditions for contesting elections to this
office? what are the conditions of office of the President? Next are the questions
concerning the powers and functions vested in the office of the President and finally
one is keen to understand and analyse the position which the President enjoys in
the political system of the country. This question takes us to explain whether
president of India is merely a figurehead like any other parliamentary system like
great Britain or is something different.
Let us take these issues one by one